Arthroplasty or joint replacement surgery is ultramajan procedure in orthopedic surgery, in which the arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with an orthopedic prosthesis. When joint replacement surgery occurs, the artificial surfaces of the joint replacement are shaped in such a way as to allow joint movement similar to that of a healthy natural joint.
Joint replacement surgery has become an alarming need of today’s world. It has become the most common surgery. Due to poor diet, busy life schedule, junk food, no time for body workout, sitting for a long time in front of gadgets etc these all things are affects on our body and result severe pain in different bones and joints.
Patients with severe destruction of the knee joint associated with progressive pain and impaired function maybe candidates for total knee replacement.
Osteoarthritis is the most common reason for knee replacement operation
These are the most important joints of our body. Our whole body support is dependent on these joints. Joint replacement surgery helps to make life easier and helps the joint to work better with the help of manmade part.
Knee replacement is surgery for people with severe knee damage. Knee replacement can relieve pain and allow you to be more active.
Knee replacement surgery- also known as knee arthroplasty- can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. During knee replacement, a surgeon cuts away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone and kneecap and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high grade plastics and polymers.
Knee replacement, or knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve the pain and disability of osteoarthritis. It may be performed for knee diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. In patients with severe deformity from advanced rheumatoid arthritis, trauma, or long standing osteoarthritis, the surgery may be more complicated and carry higher risk. Other major causes of debilitating pain include meniscus tears, cartilage defects, and ligament tears. Debilitating pain from osteoarthritis is much more common in the elderly.
Shoulder replacement is a surgical procedure in which all or part of the glenohumeral joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant. Shoulder joint replacement surgery is generally conducted to relieve arthritis pain or fix severe physical shoulder joint damage. Arthritis is a condition that affects the cartilage of the joints. As the cartilage lining wears away, the protective lining between the bones is lost. When this happens, painful bone-on-bone arthritis develops. Severe shoulder arthritis is quite painful and can cause restriction of motion. While this may be tolerated with some medications and lifestyle adjustments, there may come a time when surgical treatment is necessary.
Spine surgery is traditionally done as “open surgery.” This means that the area being operated on is opened with a long incision to allow the surgeon to view and access the anatomy. In recent years, however, technological advances have allowed more back and neck conditions to be treated with a minimally invasive surgical technique.
The indications for minimally invasive spine surgery are the same as those for traditional open surgery. Spine surgery is usually recommended only when a period of nonsurgical treatment such as medications and physical therapy has not relieved the painful symptoms caused by your back problem. In addition, surgery is only considered if your doctor can pinpoint the exact source of your pain, such as a herniated disk or spinal stenosis.